Credits, funding and history

Résultat de recherche d'images pour "icone drapeau britannique"

CNRS ownership

Fichoz database structure was basically developed from 1988 to 2015 by Jean Pierre Dedieu, in his quality of CNRS researcher. Consequently, the CNRS is the owner of the structure of the database and of the main concepts which sustain it, and must be credited in first place for it. The CNRS copyright mark must be displayed on every Fichoz layout.

Research centers

Jean Pierre Dedieu successively belonged to:

  • The Maison des Pays Ibériques, a joint research centre of the CNRS with the Universities of Bordeaux III and Bordeaux IV, officially known, at different moments, as GDR 835 MPI, UMR 5692 TEMIBER, ERS 2086 TEMIBER, UMR 5134 TEMIBER and FRE 2744 TEMIBER  (1988-2004).

  • The LARHRA (Laboratoire de Recherche Historique Rhône Alpes), UMR 5190, a joint research centre of the CNRS, with the ENS-Lyon and the Universities of Lyon II, Lyon III and Grenoble PMF. The high degree of interdisciplinarity prevailing in the ENS and Jean Luc Pinol's (head of the LARHRA from 2004 to 2011) interest in the implementation of computing as a tool for historical research, led to a globalisation of Actoz from a basically political and cultural oriented database to an all-embracing tool for social history, able to model along uniform lines a large spectrum of historical data. With two extra developments: a) the shaping of a consistent corpus of ideas and concepts which accounted for Fichoz; b) an extension of Fichoz's scope to a great variety of historical objects, some of them quite remote from its original field – Spanish early modern history -, such as archeological objects, studies on shipping and tapestry, which made necessary to invent new tools and concepts, previously inexistent in Fichoz, but nevertheless consistent with the system (2005-2013).

  • Framespa (UMR 5136, CNRS / University Toulouse Jean Jaures) and IAO (Institut d'Asie Orientale, UMR 5062, CNRS / Université de Lyon) in which the globalisation of Fichoz was further developed in accordance with the still broader interdisciplinarity of both these research centers.


  •  Actoz was developed in Bordeaux, in close cooperation with the Casa de Velazquez, as the result of intensive international co-operative ventures, within the PAPE group (Personal administrativo y político de España) which, from 1989 to 2002 provided a working frame for teams and individuals.

More than fifty senior and junior researchers belonged to the same, at some moment or other. J. Fayard (U. of Dijon) and D. Ozanam (EHESS/Casa de Velazquez), were the prime movers of the project. Fundamental contributions came from F. Andújar (U. of Almeria), J.L. Castellano (U. of Granada) – whom B. Vincent (EHESS) put in touch with the group -, from M.V. López Cordón (U. Complutense), J. Ph. Luis (U. of Clermont Ferrand), M. A. Martínez Rodríguez (U. Barcelona), T. Nava (U. Complutense), M.A. Pérez Samper (U. Barcelona), R. Quatrefages (CNRS), M. Bertrand et D. Goncalves (U. Toulouse-le-Mirail), J.M. Imizcoz (U. del País Vasco), L. Enriquez (U. Católica de Santiago de Chile) – the author of the first book-size research wholly based on Fichoz-, A. Cabeza (U. de Valladolid), Z. Moutoukias (U. Paris VIII), Th. Glessener, F. López and J. M. Buigues (U. Bordeaux III) – whose interest in cultural history led to an important extension of Fichoz to take into account cultural factors -, V. Lafage (U. de Montpellier) – she worked with the PAPE thanks to A. M. Cocula; she is responsible of the first extension of Actoz beyond the mere cataloguing of provisions to civil service, army, church and court positions. Many more students contributed a great bulk of data to Fichoz and wrote dissertations based on the same, some of them of exceptionally high quality (M. P. Lacoste, V. Desbrée-Leroy, C. Lèbre, Y. Granet, A. Bullier, P. Reynaud, I. Rio, M. Pérez, F. Saint-Avit and many more).

  • Once in Lyon, the extension of the co-operative network and the growing maturity of Fichoz made cooperation less centered on individuals, and far more on groups.

Some of them played an important role in the development of Fichoz and in turning explicit its fundamentals, by proposing alternatives to Fichoz in the form of databases built on other principles. Eric Lochard's and Dominique Taurisson's (CNRS, U. Montpellier III), Arcane database system, enhanced, by contrast, some of Fichoz's fundamental characteristics, and was consequently a powerful stimulus for its development. The same must be said of Symogih, a project developed by another LARHRA team around F. Beretta, some points of which strongly contrast with Actoz's views, a contrast which helped to clarify and validate many implicit  assumptions.

Fichoz's Spanish partners contributed teams of young researchers who tirelessly input data and are making Fichoz a fast growing and every day better database. They also contributed young researchers, V. Pampliega, A. Cruz Redondo, Mar Felices de la Fuente, among others, with a special mention for A. Chaparro and A. Artola – the author of one the most in depth historical study based on Actoz to date -, who quickly became experts in database managing, making possible no only a sustained growth of Actoz bulk, but also the development of new implementations, by relieving the main manager of many absorbing tasks – among others instructing new users -. F. Godicheau and Jean Philippe Luis were the prime movers of an huge extension of the database to XIXth century Spain and Spanish colonial empire. The Iberian side of Fichoz is now going at cruise speed.

From 2012 on, Fichoz in fact moved to the Insitut d'Asie Orientale (ENS-Lyon). It extended its scope to East Asia modern history and, by so doing, demonstrated its maturity and flexibility, an extension fomented by Christian Henriot and Béatrice Jaluzot. At the same time, various young historians adopted Fichoz or created derived databases in the course of their doctoral dissertation and further research, most notably, among others, Bertrand Augier and Cyril Courrier (EFR, ancient Roman History), Gunnar Knutsen (Bergen, Inquisition), Eric Mahieux (Toulouse, French Airforce in WWI), Christophe Ralite (Lyon, Colonial Cameroon), Clémentine Stunault (Toulouse, medieval food history), Clara Palmiste and the Rezo team (Social networks in French West Indies, XIXth-XXth centuries).

  • Since mid-2010 most Fichoz databases can be accessed on-line from the Huma-num platform of the CNRS (G. Foliot, engineer).
  • Finally, since 2016, Fichoz is developing a close cooperation with Peter Cornwell (University of London) and the Data Future venture for the long-term preservation of databases and the semi-automatic retrieval and annotation of raw data. Fichoz model will probably be included as part of the global information system that Data Future is presently building.


The institutions and research teams to which Fichoz collaborators belonged took charge of wages and current small scale expenses. Moreover, Fichoz was specifically funded by the following programs:

  • PICS 124 (Dedieu), with the Early Modern History department of the University of Sevilla;
  • A "Europe" program of the CNRS, with the Early Modern History Department of the University of Granada (1991-1996);
  • Three franco-spanish "Actions intégrées" PICASSO (French and Spanish Ministeries for Universities), with the INSADE team (M. V. López Cordón, Department of Early Modern History of the Complutense University) (1993-1995 and 2007-2010) and with the Department of Early Modern History of the University of Grenade (Juan Luis Castellanos, 1996-1998).
  • All the research programs mentioned in the "Credentials" entry as Fichoz users also contributed, some of them appreciable amounts, towards the building of Fichoz. Specially noticeable were the the contribution of Navigocorpus (Silvia Marzagalli) and of Christian Henriot.